Posts from the ‘Egypt Under Knife’ Category

Elbaradei Pullout ” Push” for “2nd Revolution” Advocates

Al Hayat – Jan. 16

Elbaradei Pullout ” Push” for “2nd Revolution” Advocates

Mohamed Elbaradei’s decision to quit Egypt presidential race came as “a push” for revolution youth who see that the goals of the revolution have not been achieved and call for turning the first anniversary into a “second revolution” to force SCAF to leave power for civilian rulers.

Election results were painful for revolution youth because they got only 5% of the new parliament versus more than 70% for Islamists – the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists – which increased their feeling of exclusion.

Youth coalitions praised Elbaradei’s pullout decision. Elbaradei is seen as the representative of revolutionary forces in the presidential race.

Mahmoud Afifi, 6th of April Movement spokesman, told al Hayat that Elbaradei’s pullout decision is considered as a message of protest against SCAF.

His decision will surely increase the revolutionary momentum on Jan. 25 because after one year of the revolution, the proper environment for competition has not been provided for a fair presidential race just like the case under Mubarak.

Moderators of “The Second Rage Revolution” page on Facebook said: “Elbaradei’s pullout is a powerful slap to SCAF and an open call for taking to streets on Jan. 25 to complete Egypt’s revolution.”

The “Coalition of Egypt Revolutionists” said in a statement: “Elbaradei’s pullout decision is a position that supports the revolution and not a languor from him.”

The statement urged other presidential hopefuls to do the same like Elbaradei and not to participate “in a counterrevolution farce.”

It seems that Elbaradei’s decision – just like any other event – will widen the gap more and more between revolution youth and Islamic forces.

Some Islamic forces said that “Elbaradei pulled out after he realized the reality”, noting that he took such a step after he became certain that the mood of the Egyptian street goes to the Islamic trend, and this what elections showed.

But this explanation made revolution youth angry, who said “this is an attempt to defame the man (Elbaradei) the same way like the former regime.”


Salafism between Egypt and Saudi Arabia

Al Hayat – Jan. 16

Article by: Daood al Shiryan

Salafism between Egypt and Saudi Arabia

Part of Egyptian press exaggerates the so-called Saudi intervention in the developments of the Egyptian revolution.

Some say Riyadh has rejected the trial of former president Hosni Mubarak and offered to pay all the money stolen by the regime in return for not trying him…oh great!

Some also say Riyadh seeks to control the political arena in Egypt by supporting the Salafists.

These opinions are being repeated by intellectuals and activists in the Egyptian revolution and have, accordingly, become part of the discourse in newspapers and satellite TVs.

Such superstitious speech depicts Egypt as a marginal and bribe-taking country, narrows its political and cultural role and makes light of its historical and civilization position.

Moreover, depicting the Salafist trend as “made in Saudi Arabia” reflects lack of knowledge of the history of Egypt. Salafism is in Egypt even before the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the influence of Egyptian Salafists in the Salafism movement in Saudi Arabia is old and well-known. For example, one of the most famous members of the Saudi Senior Scholars Authority for decades is the late Sheikh Abdel Razzaq Afifi…an Egyptian scholar who came to Saudi Arabia and taught a big number of Saudi sheikhs.

Also, the movement of Salafist books compilation and publication was purely Egyptian until very recently.

Undoubtedly, the Saudi influence in the Arab and Islamic worlds is unquestionable fact. The movement of Saudi Sheikh Mohamed ben Abdel Wahhab has been echoing across Islamic countries and was the torch that helped protect the faith again and corrected many misconceptions, which spread due to superstitions and heterodoxies in the behavior of some Muslims.

But that influence does not delete the role of other Salafism scholars who are from Egypt, the Levant, Pakistan, India and other countries.

When some Egyptian intellectuals say Saudi Arabia is controlling the orientations of the Salafist leaders in Egypt, this is an insult to Egypt and Egyptians.

It is true that an entire generation of university professors, doctors, engineers and teachers – who participated in the development process in Saudi Arabia in the 1970s – brought some of the Saudi traditions to Egypt when they returned. But that generation was not a flock of ordinary people and its admiration of the Saudi experiment in some practices does not give others the right to accuse it of bribery and treachery.

Certainly, the anti-Salafist campaign in Egypt not only aims to lead to rupture of relations between Egyptians and Saudis, but also seeks to create conflict between Egyptian Islamists.

For well-known political reasons, some of the Egyptian Islamist trends refrain from accusing Egyptian Salafists of being agents, but for this they pay dearly.

Mohamed Elbaradei Quits Egypt Presidential Race

Below is Mohamed Elbaradei’s statement in which he quitted Egypt presidential race:


To my family, the people of Egypt


Our glorious revolution is about to complete its first year. And I would like to seize this chance to pay my deep condolences once again to the families of our martyrs and thousands of victims of the injured who sacrificed their blood and souls in order for us and our children to enjoy a modern Egypt based on freedom, human dignity and social justice. May all of them rest in peace and I pray for God to accept them among martyrs.


The ship of the revolution has passed through a tough way and was tossed about by tough waves and it knows the safe harbor very well and knows exactly how to reach it. But the captain who drives it – with no choice from the passengers and with no experience on how to drive it – foundered between the waves without a clear compass, while we offer him all kinds of help, but he rejects and chooses to go forward in the old way as if there was no revolution and no regime fell.


The nation must be brought together in an organized and agreed-upon political process in which we launch freedoms and open the windows for fresh air to enter in order to purge the minds and souls from all forms of dictatorship and in order to grant ourselves the period needed to write our constitution together in a manner full of the spirit of agreement based on respecting the basic human rights and to elect our representatives and leaders within a political and constitutional frame that ensures fair and free elections; elections that ensure representation for all categories and orientations of the Egyptian people. The captain took us to labyrinths and deep dialogs while it makes decision alone and in a way that reflects confusion and randomness in the vision. This aggravated the splits between the categories of the society at the time we are in bad need for unity and concord.


At the same time, a suppressive security policy was followed that is marked by violence, harassment and killing and the referral of revolutionists to military trials instead of protecting them and punishing those who killed their friends. All this comes under the illegitimate state of emergency and the non-understandable absence of security and the bad management of the economy, in addition to not taking decisive steps to purge the state bodies – especially the judiciary and the media – from the corruption of the former regime, and without taking decisive steps to isolate the symbols of the former regime or prevent them from continuing corrupting the political life. Randomness and mismanagement of the transitional process lead the country away from the goals of the revolution, which makes all of us feel that the former regime has not fallen.


However, I do not want despair to find a way to the spirits. Lessons of history teach us that all great revolutions pass through such ups and downs, but at the end they reach the safe harbor. The most important thing that was achieved in the past year is breaking the barrier of fear and that the people restored their belief in their ability to change and that they are the master and the ruler. Also the strong participation in elections – despite their clear defects – enhances confidence in the people’s ability to practice democracy and self-government.


I am confident that this people will continue demanding their rights until they get them all. I call upon all the revolution forces to work with all categories of the people in order to achieve that goal, sticking always to the peacefulness of the revolution. Peaceful protest is the source of power and purity for the revolution.


My brothers, my sisters, citizens of Egypt


I reviewed the best ways with which I could serve the goals of the revolution in light of this reality. And I found no place inside the official frame to allow me to do so, including the position of the president for which preparations are underway before putting the constitution that controls the relation between powers and protects freedoms.


In light of all these circumstances, I decided not to run for president. This decision does not mean I am quitting the scene, but I will continue serving this country more effectively, from outside the official positions, free of all restrictions.


I have severally said that my goal is to help the people of my homeland to rebuilt Egypt that we all belong to and feel proud of and that my goal is not to achieve personal interest. However, I endured a lot of offense, lying and ethical inferiority before and after the revolution, from a regime writhe with fear from hearing the truth. I took upon myself an oath not to care about all these offenses and to focus my effort on all that leads to public interest. But I affirmed since the beginning that my conscience will not allow me to run for president or any other official position except within a real democratic system that takes the essence of democracy and not the outer appearance of democracy.


The revolution expresses the conscience of the nation, which revolted. The revolution is not connected to any person. And at the time all persons will go, the revolution will continue as long as the conscience of the nation is alive. I said it two years ago and would like to repeat it now: Only youth will rebuild this nation…the youth whose consciences have not been polluted by the corruption of the regime and its suppressive methods. Those youth are the dream and the hope and that’s why I will continue working with them in the coming period amid the mass of our people in order to enable them to effective participation in the political action in order for them to take the lead of Egypt in the near future and to achieve all the goals of the nation: Freedom, human dignity and social justice. I am confident that Egypt’s youth along with all those who have faith in them and in their goals, will succeed with their renewed thinking and they will lead this nation to a better future. And this will be the best honor for hundreds of martyrs and thousands of injured, who sacrificed themselves for Egypt and its people.


Long live Egypt free and proud with its people


Mohamed Elbaradei

Runoffs of 2nd Round of Egypt Vote Begin Tomorrow

Al Ahram – Dec. 20

Runoffs of 2nd Round of Egypt Vote Begin Tomorrow

Runoffs of the 2nd round of Egyptian parliamentary elections begin tomorrow in 9 provinces.

Runoffs will take two days; Wednesday and Thursday, Dec. 21 & 22.

118 candidates compete over 59 individual seats.

At the same time, there will be elections on “electoral lists” in 3 constituencies in the provinces of Beheira, Sohag and Menofiya. Those elections were delayed.

Brotherhood’s Freedom & Justice Party (FJP) has 47 candidates in the 2nd round runoffs.

Salafists’ Nour Party has 36 candidates in the 2nd round runoffs. It competes with FJP over 26 seats out of the total number of seats of the 2nd round.

The Egyptian Bloc has 3 candidates in the 2nd round runoffs.

Wafd Party, the Democratic Front Party and the Egyptian Democratic Party has only 1 candidate each in the 2nd round runoffs.

There are 11 candidates from the former ruling party NDP in the runoffs and 18 independents.

So the map of candidates is as follows:

FJP : 47

Nour Party: 36

Wafd: 1

Democratic Front Party: 1

Egyptian Democratic Party: 1

Egyptian Bloc: 3

Independents: 18

Former ruling party NDP: 11


Total: 118

Last Cairo Clashes Probe Preliminary Results

al Ahram daily – Dec. 20

Preliminary Results of Investigations on Cairo Clashes

Preliminary results of investigations on the bloody incidents in Tahrir Square and Mohamed Mahmoud St. said that jobless people, craftsmen and young students set fire deliberately to the Falaki Preparatory School.

Investigations also said 163 persons were arrested. They face charges of crowding, the use of force and violence against public authorities, sabotage of public and private property and traffic hindrance.

Investigations were supervised by two justices, Ahmed Abdel Aziz and Ali Ghallab.

The two justices said that preliminary results of their investigations are as follows:

–         A jobless man was arrested while he was trying to set fire to the Falaki Preparatory School at the Sheikh Rehan St. He confessed that he has a criminal record in crimes related to drugs and robbery. During the investigations on Cairo clashes, he confessed that he took money, L.E.50, from someone in order to set fire to the school. To do so, he took a gallon of oil and balls of cotton from the same person. He was put in provisional detention.

–         163 people were arrested in Tahrir Square and Mohamed Mahmoud St. They are jobless, or craftsmen or young students. They face charges of crowding (more than 5 persons together) and the use of force and violence against public authorities in order to prevent them from performing their duties.

–         The prosecution is looking into a report filed by an eyewitness in the Tahrir area. In the report, the eyewitness said that he saw a private car with 4 persons inside carrying a number of gallons that contained flammable substance (gasoline) and a number of empty soda water bottles and they filled in those bottles with that gasoline and closed them with pieces of cloth in order to use them in attacking the men of public authorities and government buildings.

–         Based on investigations, death toll in these incidents reached 41 and several others were injured.

A number of firearms, ammunitions, empty bullets, smoke bombs was seized under the supervision of the Public Prosecution. They are being checked by the forensic medicine to indicate whether or not they were used during the incidents.

صحيفتان لبنانيتان تؤكدان : النموذج للثوارات العربية مازال مصريا

أبرزت صحيفتا (النهار) و(الأنوار) اللبنانيتان الصادرتان اليوم السبت آخر التطورات على الساحة السياسية في مصر ، وأكدتا على استمرار زخم الثورة وتجديدها من جانب المصريين وأن النموذج الثوري المصري مازال نموذجا للثورات العربية الطامحة للحريات والتطبيق الديمقراطي.
فمن جانبها ، أشارت صحيفة (النهار) إلى أن المظاهرات التي حدثت في ميادين مصر تعد الأكبر منذ سقوط الرئيس السابق حسني مبارك في 11 فبراير الماضي واعتبرت أن هتافات الجماعات الإسلامية قد طغت بقوة على باقي الهتافات مما أدى إلى ظهور انقسامات بين المتظاهرين.
وأكدت أن ما يجري في مصر يحدد سقف أو مستقبل التحركات في المواقع العربية الآخرى ، سواء الثائرة حاليا أو التي تنتظر، وأن الثورة في مصر إشارة إلى أن ما يجري في العالم العربي واقع لا عودة عنه ، ومستقبل الانقسامات في المنطقة يحدده المآل الذي ستنتهي إليه الثورة المصرية.
وأعلنت أن المشاهدات تشير إلى تفرد مصري متزايد .. حيث أن القوات المسلحة المصرية شكلت كما معروف ضمانة الانتقال السلمي من نظام إلى مشروع نظام آخر ، أشبهها في ذلك دور الجيش التونسي ، لكن منذ سقوط مبارك والجيش المصري يؤدي دورا لاشبيه له .. هو الحامي للقديم مثلما هو الضامن للجديد. وأشادت بالدور الثوري المحافظ للقوات المسلحة المصرية .. متسائلة أين منه ما يجري في ليبيا أو اليمن أو سوريا؟ حيث الجيش معطل، أو ملحق بالمجموعة الحاكمة، أو يتفكك وتتفكك معه البلاد؟.
وبدورها ، أكدت (الأنوار) أن السباق في مصر ليس طويلا وما يتوقف على نتائجه ليس فقط مستقبل مصر بل أيضا مستقبل العالم العربي وأنه ليس أهم من عودة التظاهرات المليونية إلى ميدان التحرير سوى الحراك السياسي بعد الخروج من الميدان .. فلا إعادة الوحدة إلى المواقف من مطالب الثورة ، بعدما اتسع الاختلاف في التوجهات بين القوى الإسلامية من جهة والقوى الليبرالية والقومية واليسارية من جهة آخرى ، تكفي لتحقيق المطالب .. ولا المطالب المتفق عليها ، برغم ضرورتها، سوى علامات على الطريق في المرحلة الانتقالية .. إذ هى في حدود الحرص على تفكيك النظام الذي سقط
رأسه ومحاكمة أركانه ، من دون الوصول إلى الأسس المطلوبة للنظام البديل ، وإن كان العنوان العام هو التعددية الديمقراطية.

بيان لمكتب شرف للرد على ماتردد من عدم مشاركة ممثل له فى تشييع جنازة شهيدة

أصدر مكتب رئيس الوزراء بيانا اليوم للرد على ما رددته بعض وسائل الإعلام حول عدم مشاركة ممثل عن رئيس مجلس الوزراء عصام شرف فى تشييع جنازة الشهيدة هدى محمد السيد صابر، والتى توفيت متأثرة بجراح أصيبت بها فى أحداث الثورة بالاسكندرية.
وقال البيان إن “ممثل رئيس الوزراء السيد سلام عبدالمنعم موسى مدير مديرية الصحة ووكيل وزارة الصحة توجه بالفعل إلى مسجد القائد ابراهيم ممثلا للسيد رئيس الوزراء والسيد وزير الصحة، وذلك بعد صلاة الظهر إلا أنه لم تتم الجنازة، وعاود سيادته التواجد فى اليوم التالى بعد صلاة العصر، حيث أبلغته الأسرة بأنه تم دفن الشهيدة بمدافن الأسرة ، وقدم التعازى وعرض تقديم أى إسهام أو عون فى هذه الظروف، فشكرته الأسرة على ذلك” .